The Diversity of Civil Society Peacebuilding: A Typology
(this list is not exhaustive)
Anti-Occupation activism aims to bring an end to the violent and discriminatory systems that uphold the occupation. It includes nonviolent direct action, demonstrations, and cultural resistance efforts.
Coexistence Education entails promoting mutual understanding and a reality of shared society between Israelis and Palestinians, or Palestinian-Arab citizens of Israel and Jewish Israelis, through binational education. Coexistence Education programs bring students from different groups together for school, extracurricular activities, summer camps, and other educational programs.
Community Development entails supporting Palestinian communities, either as a part of regional, national, or local initiatives, toward achieving the development goals of local residents. It includes youth development, women’s empowerment in local leadership, and political activism.
Development Infrastructure Organizations support the economies of marginalized communities in Israel-Palestine. Economic development supports human rights by providing people with their basic needs and reducing infrastructure inequality.
Environmental Activism promotes shared environmental interests as a way to overcome distrust and build solidarity between Palestinians and Israelis. It focuses on water security, sustainable development, and climate change through the lens of a shared environment.
Human Rights entails working to secure and expand human rights protections through domestic and international advocacy efforts. Their activities include monitoring and documenting human rights violations and lending such evidence for individual cases as well as broader campaigns.
Interreligious Dialogue entails facilitating dialogue between Israelis and Palestinians through the lens of their religious traditions. These programs occur between clerical and lay people alike. Activities include prayer circles, education programs about other traditions, and inter-clerical dialogue circles to promote peace-seeking leadership on the local level.
Legal Advocacy entails working within a legal system to defend and advance human rights. Their activities include researching the legal dimensions of civil and human rights violations, providing legal aid to individual cases, and challenging laws that violate human and civil rights in court.
Medical Aid entails providing Palestinians with access to healthcare opportunities. It also promotes policy change that will increase medical resources and access to Palestinians.
Peace Entrepreneurship entails programs that train Palestinians and Israelis in the skills of entrepreneurship and promote joint ventures.
Peace Journalism entails supporting peace and human rights by publicizing civil society peacebuilding efforts and raising public awareness about ongoing injustices in Israel-Palestine.
Reconciliation entails the process of healing the effects of violent conflict through inter-communal dialogue and story-telling. The emphasis is to transcend cycles of violence and promote a mutual understanding that it is not only possible but necessary to reconcile with one’s enemies and advocate for a political solution that is responsive to the particular trauma and suffering of each party.
Shared Society entails advancing the vision of an Israeli society built upon equality, mutuality, and trust. These programs focus on bridging the divisions and inequities between Jewish and Palestinian-Arab communities within the state of Israel on the local and national political levels.
Women’s Leadership aims to simultaneously support the achievement of peace and women’s rights. These organizations seek to amplify the underrepresented voices of women in the peace movement and promote women’s leadership in political activism focusing on peace and human rights issues.
Youth Transformation entails facilitating encounters between Israeli and Palestinian youth in order to break down dehumanization and stereotypes of the other.